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World Autism Awareness Day 2021 Date, History & Significance: What Is Autism Spectrum Disorder? Know More About the Symptoms & Causes of ASD


Every year World Autism Awareness Day is observed every year on April 2 to raise awareness about autism and the issues related to it to make this world a better place for the people who have ASD. The idea of World Autism Awareness Day is to promote the welfare of people affected by autism with the help of technology. The history of World Autism Awareness Day dates back to the time when the United Nations General Assembly announced in April 2007 to celebrate April 2 as World Autism Awareness Day. The day also encourages UN member states to raise awareness about it and helps the victims to lead meaningful lives.

World Autism Awareness Day 2021 Date, History & Significance

The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed and heightened glaring inequalities around the world, especially when it comes to income and wealth distribution, access to health care, protection under the law, and political inclusion. Persons with autism have long faced many of these inequalities, which have only been further exacerbated by the pandemic. It’s a problem made worse by long recognized discriminatory hiring practices and workplace environments that present major obstacles for persons with autism; all of which contribute to the unemployment or severe underemployment of a large majority of adults on the autism spectrum.


What is autism?

Autism or autism spectrum disorder is a developmental disability that affects a person’s ability to communicate and express themselves, understand the behaviour and expression of others, indicating that their social skills are impaired.

People suffering from this condition have difficulty in interacting with healthy individuals and society in general. They cannot express themselves normally through words or actions and often develop unusual repetitive behaviours.

It is also known as an autism spectrum disorder, as it does not denote a single condition, but is actually a term for various conditions. Autism is also defined as a neurobehavioral condition, meaning that it is a behavioural disorder caused by the brain’s inability to process emotions and comprehension.

Autism Symptoms

Individuals with autism exhibit a variety of symptoms and behaviours. Therefore it is not possible to define all the symptoms that an affected person will show. However, there are some commonly observed patterns in people suffering from the disease, such as:

  • Some patients may show some or all of these behaviours or some may not display them.
  • Children who do not respond when they are called in their names
  • Lack of interest in activities that interest normal children, such as playing with other children, making friends with other children
  • Avoiding eye contact while talking with parents or strangers
  • Delay in developing normal speech
  • Speak in a monotonous or robotic voice
  • Children who don’t talk very often and like to be alone
  • Repeat a behaviour regularly, like a fixed motion of the hands or while shaking the body
  • Can’t understand and answer slightly complicated questions or instructions
  • Get annoyed at trivial matters
  • Babies who do not show emotion and gesture do not make voice and speech until the age of 24 months

Autism Causes

Scientists and researchers have confirmed that autism is a result of the brain’s abnormal functioning and ability to process thoughts, expression and behaviour. However, the exact causes of autism have not yet been identified. There are some studies which suggest that this condition can be caused by genetic factor. But this has not been fully confirmed. Currently, the cause of autism is still a subject of study and research.

(The above story first appeared on LatestLY on Mar 31, 2021 04:47 PM IST. For more news and updates on politics, world, sports, entertainment and lifestyle, log on to our website latestly.com).

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